OVERDOSE PREVENTION

If you would like to schedule a group training for your community or organization, or if you need information and a free prevention kit contact: Nancy King 269-580-8290
Save a Life
Know the signs of an opiod/heroin overdose


 

The following are symptoms of an overdose:
 

  • Body is very limp

  • Face is very pale or clammy

  • Fingernails and lips turn blue or purplish black

  • For lighter skinned people, the skin tone turns bluish purple, for darker skinned people, it turns grayish or ashen.

  • Breathing is very slow and shallow, erratic, or has stopped

  • Pulse (heartbeat) is slow, erratic, or not there at all

  • Choking sounds, or a snore-like gurgling noise (sometimes called the “death rattle”).

  • Vomiting

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Unresponsive to outside stimulus

If someone is making unfamiliar sounds while “sleeping” it is worth trying to wake him or her up. Many loved ones of users think a person was snoring, when in fact the person was overdosing. These situations are a missed opportunity to intervene and save a life.

Know how to respond to an opioid overdose, and get trained in how to use Naloxone
 

Stimulation- are they overdosing, are they responsive?

Call for help- call 911.  They may need additional medical attention.

Airway- Check to make sure their airways are clear.

Rescue breathing- Lift up on neck, and tilt head back and chin forward.  2 short breaths, then one breath every 5 seconds for 3-5 minutes.

Evaluation- are they getting any better?  If not, do they need a dose of Naloxone?

Mucosal Atomization  (Nasal Spray) in a single application dispense one dose in one nostril, continue rescue breathing   OR

    Muscular injection- Inject 1-2 ccs in the thigh, shoulder or butt, and continue to breathe for them      

Evaluation- Are they getting better?  After 5 minutes, with continued rescue breathing, if they have not come out of it, give them another shot or another dose of nasal naloxone in the other nostril continue rescue breathing.

Know what to do after an overdose: Naloxone takes 3-5 minutes to work, and wears off after 60-90 minutes.  They may need another dose.  Do not allow them to use more opioids, they will be wasting them and could OD again.  Need to watch them for at least an hour in case the overdose returns.

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